What is SAFe?

SAFe is based on ten fundamental concepts that have evolved from Agile principles and methods, Lean product development, systems thinking, and observation of successful enterprises.

Each is described in detail in an article by that principle’s name. 

In addition, the embodiment of the principles appears throughout the Framework. 

They are summarized in the following sections:


Take an economic view Delivering the ‘best value and quality for people and society in the shortest sustainable lead time’ requires a fundamental understanding of the economics of building systems.

Everyday decisions must be made in a proper economic context.


Apply systems thinking deming observed that addressing the challenges in the workplace and the marketplace requires an understanding of the systems within which workers and users operate.


Assume variability; preserve options Traditional design and life cycle practices encourage choosing a single design-and-requirements option early in the development process.

 Unfortunately, if that starting point proves to be the wrong choice, then future adjustments take too long and can lead to a suboptimal design.

A better approach is to maintain multiple requirements and design options for a longer period in the development cycle.


Build incrementally with fast, integrated learning cycles developing solutions incrementally in a series of short iterations allows for faster customer feedback and mitigates risk.

 Subsequent increments build on the previous ones.


Base milestones on objective evaluation of working systems.

Business owners, developers, and customers have a shared responsibility to ensure that investment in new solutions will deliver economic benefit.


Visualize and limit WIP, reduce batch sizes, and manage queue lengths Lean enterprises strive to achieve a state of continuous flow, where new system capabilities move quickly and visibly from concept to cash.


Apply cadence, synchronize with cross-domain planning Cadence creates predictability and provides a rhythm for development.

 Synchronization causes multiple perspectives to be understood, resolved, and integrated at the same time


Unlock the intrinsic motivation of knowledge workers Lean-Agile leaders understand that ideation, innovation, and employee engagement are not generally motivated by individual incentive compensation. 

Such individual incentives can create internal competition and destroy the cooperation necessary to achieve the larger aim of the system. 

Providing autonomy and purpose, minimizing constraints, creating an environment of mutual influence, and better understanding the role of compensation are keys to higher levels of employee engagement.


Decentralize decision-making Achieving fast value delivery requires decentralized decision-making. 

This reduces delays, improves product development flow, enables faster feedback, and creates more innovative solutions designed by those closest to the local knowledge.


Organize around value Many enterprises today are organized around principles developed during the last century. In the name of intended efficiency, most are organized around functional expertise. But in the digital age, the only sustainable competitive advantage is the speed with which an organization can respond to the needs of its customers with new and innovative solutions. 

These solutions require cooperation amongst all the functional areas, with their incumbent dependencies, handoffs, waste and delays. 

Instead, Business Agility demands that enterprises organize around value to deliver more quickly. And when market and customer demands change, the enterprise must quickly and seamlessly reorganize around that new value flow.

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